Chinese language

This section is for Chinese language speakers who want to learn more about the Marlborough wine region. Thanks to NZ Wine Growers for these resources. 

主要品种:长相思

新西兰葡萄酒的旗舰产区——马尔堡,以及该产区的长相思将这个 国家带上了国际葡萄酒舞台。但马尔堡的葡萄品种远远不限于长相 思,其他品种的表现也极为出色,风土条件也千变万化。 早期的葡萄酒种植者在1873年就已经在Ben Morven山谷种下葡萄 藤,从那时起到20世纪60年代,不断有新葡萄园诞生在该产区。 此后马尔堡的葡萄种植经历了一段停滞期。尽管当时的地区农林业 机构出于利益的考虑,强烈反对葡萄园的扩张,1973年后马尔堡 的葡萄种植开始再次繁荣。 今天,葡萄种植已经成为了马尔堡绝对主导产业,其葡萄种植面积 占到了全国几近三分之二的比例,这里既有大型的跨国公司,也有 小型精品葡萄酒生产商。 这里一向被视为新西兰最晴朗且最干燥的产区之一,毛利人将 Wairau谷叫作“Kei puta te Wairau”,意为“阳光穿透云层的 地方”,正反映了其地势上突出的保护作用。Wairau河将山谷分 为东西两边,其北面是Richmond岭,而南面是Wither山。 马尔堡气候凉爽、日照时间长、降雨量低、土壤排水性良好且肥沃 适中,所有这些组合在一起,构成了绝佳的葡萄酿造环境,因此能 够生产出一系列不同品种及风格、独特鲜明的葡萄酒。 伴随着葡萄品种的不断增加,各个子产区的多样化土壤和小气候环 境也在被不断发掘,正是因为这些珍贵的条件,使得马尔堡葡萄酒 生产的未来一片光明。

气候

充沛的阳光、适中的气温以及强烈的昼夜温差,造就了马尔堡葡萄酒 极具穿透力的果味和强烈的品种表现力,同时能在漫长的成熟期保持 高酸度。东面向海,遂拥有凉爽的海风;周边的山脉提供了保护,使 其免遭极端的降雨和大风。 延续到初秋的暑气虽偶尔会带来干旱,但其带来的更多作用是使得葡 萄酒的风格变得多种多样。

土壤类型和子产区

马尔堡的额土壤源自古老的冰川期,为排水性良好的深层多石土壤,这才是马尔堡葡萄酒成功的关键。曾经广阔分布的河流体系,形成了 这里多石的砂壤土,覆盖在深层的砾石之上。三个主要的子产区共同组成了马尔堡产区。

南部山谷: 向南延伸到Wither山,Omaka, Fairhall, Brancott, Ben Morvan 和Waihopai谷组成了这个重要的子产区。这里的土壤和小气候环 境很多样,就土壤而言,这里比Wairau有更多厚实的黏土,而且 越往南面以及越靠近内陆的山谷更加凉爽干燥。各个葡萄园都会根 据自身优势来选择多样化的葡萄品种,其中黑皮诺和芳香型葡萄酒 尤其出色。

WAIRAU谷: 古老的河床及河堤土壤,加上多样的朝向和降雨量,形成了这个子 产区各式各样的小气候环境。概括来说,这里有凉爽且干燥的内陆 葡萄园,贫瘠多石且早熟的葡萄园,以及有着温和海风的沿海葡萄 园。北边更临近河床的土壤中多砾石。虽然这里的葡萄酒反映了不 同葡萄园和生产商所独有的个性,但都有着本地区标志性的纯净集 中的果味和优异的酒体。

AWATERE谷: 这个子产区拥有最为独特的地理特征,位于Wither山以南,由 Clifford湾向内陆伸展,这片山谷一直绵延到内陆的Kaikoura山 脉。Awatere谷的葡萄园相对零散,该地区的气候更凉爽、更干 燥、更多风,海拔相对较高,其土壤为混合着砾石的淤泥土和风化 后的黄土。该产区拥有产量超低且活跃芳香的黑皮诺,以及充满独 特个性的长相思,它们正在得到越来越多的国际性赞誉。

You can access more information in Chinese about New Zealand wine, and the different regions and varietals here. 

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